Nitya Prarthana

Nitya Prarthana in Pdf

Sanathana Dharma better known as Hinduism is one of the greatest and finest of ancient religions. It preaches that every individual’s aim should be Moksha which in simple words means merger with the Ultimate truth called Brahman and reaching a state of no re birth.
Savants and sages of the religion suggest several methods to attain this enviable state. Of these the simplest is Bhakthi Yoga or devotion n to God, which ultimately merges you with God. To make this easily possible a pan theistic concept of God is enunciated by the religion. Also the Godhead is viewed in myriad forms so that the devotion to him can be done in a manner closest to our heart. He is viewed by some as a child or friend or mother or father or a cruel one who punishes or a kind one who is merciful or even as our sweet heart. This has resulted in varied type of prayers addressed to his or her favourite
Form of God.
Given below are prayers in Sanskrit with translation in English verse of prayers which a Hindu is supposed to do on various occasions and also prayers to several Gods:-

Stotras as soon as one wakes up:-

A Hindu is supposed to wake up very early in the morning much earlier to sun rise. It is believed that the first thing you see in the morning determines one’s day.

As soon as one wakes up see he is supposed to see his palm and recite the following sloka:

Karagre vasathu Lakshmi, Karamadhye Saraswathi,
Karamoole sthitha Gowri, Prabhate Kaa Darshanam.

Lakshmi lives in the tip of my palm,
Saraswathi lives in its middle,
And Gowri lives at its base,
So I see my palm in the early morn.

Earth is a Goddess to Hindus. She is one of the wives of Maha Vishnu one of the trinity of Hinduism. So it is necessary to ask her pardon before one sets ones foot on her. This is done by the following prayer:-

Samudhra vasane devi, parvatha sthana mandithe,
Vishnu pathni namasthubhyam pada sparsam kshamasva mae.
Salutations to you consort of Lord Vishnu,
Who is clothed by oceans,
And is adorned prettily by the mountains,
Pardon me mother, for setting my foot on you.

Cleanliness is a part of life to every Hindu. He does purification of the body as well as the mind during his bath. Purificatory bath is ultimate if it is done in the sacred waters of some great rivers of India. The following prayers are recited while taking bath:-

Govindethi sada snanam Govindethi sada japam,
Govindethi sada dhyanam, sada Govinda keerthanam.
Meditate on Govinda while taking bath,
Meditate on him in your prayers,
Meditate on him while thinking of God,
And always sing his name.
Gange cha Yamune chaiva Godavari Saraswathi,
Narmada Sindhu Kaveri Jale asmin sannidhim kuru.

I pray you to enter,
This water meant for my bath,
Oh , holy river Ganga,
Oh, Holy river Yamuna,
Oh , Holy river Godavari,
Oh, Holy river Saraswathi,
Oh , Holy river Narmada,
Oh holy river Sindhu,
And holy river Kaveri.

Fire is one of the greatest Gods of Hinduism. He according to them acts as a bridge between this ordinary world and the Gods of heaven. Symbolically the lamp is lit and kept in the house. Here is a prayer addressed to the lamp:-

Shubham karothi kalyanam, aarogyam, dhana sampadam,
Shathru budhi vruddhi vinasaya deepa jyothi namo nama.

Salutations and salutations,
To the holy flame of the lamp,
Which bestows on me all that is good,
Health as well as wealth,
And destroys all my enemies.

Thulasi or ocimum plant is venerated by every Hindu and is invariably grown in the courtyard of every house. After lighting up the lamp he is supposed to clean up the thulasi plant and water it while reciting the following prayer:-

Thulasi shree sakhi shubhe , papa haarini punyade,
Namasthe Naradanuthe , Namo Narayana priye.

Oh, Holy Thulasi,
Bosom friend of Lakshmi,
Destroyer of sins,
Bestower of blessings,
Salutations to thee,

Who is praised by sage Narada,
And is the darling of Lord Narayana
Then he prays to the banyan tree which is the holy tree providing him with shade, happiness and prosperity,

Aswatha vruksha sthuthi (Prayer to the Holy Fig tree)

Moolatho brahma roopaya madhyatho visnu roopine,
Agratha Shiva roopaya, vruksha rajaya the nama.

Salutations to the king of trees,
Whose roots are Lord Brahma,
Whose stem is Lord Vishnu,
And whose crown is Lord Shiva.

Then he prays to Gods and nature to make the day very great for him by reciting the following prayers:-

Brhama murari tripurandhakari,
Bhanu sasi Bhoomi sutho budascha,
Gurusca Shukra . sani rahu Kethava,
Kurvanthu sarve mama suprabatham.
Let God Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva,
Planets Sun, mercury, Jupiter,
Venus , Saturn, Rahu and Kethu,
Make this morning great for me.

Santhkumara, sanaka, Sananthana,
Sanathano apyasoori pingalow cha,
Saptha swara, saptha rasa thaani,
Kurvanthu sarve mama suprabatham.

May the sages, Sanathkumara, Sanaka, Sanathana,
Aasuri and Pingala,
Let the seven musical notes
And let those seven nether worlds,.
Make this morning great for me.
Satharnva Saptha kulachalascha,
Saptharshayo dweepa pavanani saptha,
Bhooradhi kruthwa, bhuvanai saptha,
Kurvanthu mama suprabhatham.

Let the seven oceans,
Seven mountains,
Seven sages, seven forests,
Seven Islands and Seven Lokas,

Make this morning great to me.
He then turn east faces the Sun God and recites the following prayer:-.
Bhano, bhaskara Marthanda, Chanda rasmai, divakara,
Ayur, arogyam, budhim, sree yamscha dehi mae.
He who breaks the morn,
He who berings light to the world,
He who brings heat tio the world,
He who has scorching rays,
And he who is the maker of the day,
Give me long life,
Health, intelligence and wealth.
He then prays to the God to make his day peaceful by promoting harmony of the mind, body and spirit by reciting one of the most ancient prayers of the world:-
Saha veerya karava vahai,
Sahana navathu.Sahanou bunakthu. Saha veerya karavavahai.
Tejaswinaa vadheedamasthu maa vidwishavahaii.
Om shanthi, shanthi, shanthi.
Let Brahmam protect the teacher-student duo,
And also protect us,
We would work with vigour,
Let our learning be lustrous,
Let not we quarrel among ourselves,
Let there be peace, peace and peace.
He then reminds himself of the two great epics of India by reciting the following slokas:-
Eka sloki Ramayanam (Ramayana in one stanza)

Aadho Rama thapo vananu gamanam, Hathwa mrugam kanchanam,
Vaidehi haranam, jatayu maranam, Sugreeva sambhashanam,
Bali nigrahanam, samudhra tharanam, Lanka pureem dahanam,
Paschad Ravana Kumbha karna madanam, Ethat ithi Ramayanam
Once Rama went to forest,
He chased the deer,
Sitha was kidnapped,
Jatayu was killed, There were talks with Sugreeva,
Bali was killed,
The sea was crossed,
Lanka was burnt,
And later Ravana and Kumbha karna,
Were also killed.
This in short is the story of Ramayanam.
Eka sloki bhagawatham (Bhagawatham in one stanza)

Aadhou devaki devi garbha jananam, Gopi gruhe palanam,
Mayaa poothana jeevithaa apaharanam, govardhanodharanam,
Kamsa chedana, kouravadi hananam, kunthi sutha palanam,
Ethad bhagawatham purana kaditham sri Krishna leelamrutham
Born to queen Devaki,
Brought up by Gopis,
Took out the life of Ogress Poothana,
Lifted the Govardhana mountain,
Beheaded his uncle Kamsa,
Helped in killing the Kouravas,
And looked after the children of Kunthi.
This is in short the ancient story of Bhagawatha,
Which describes the nectar like play of Lord Krishna.
Then he prays to some great individuals of the Hindu lore.
Prayer to the Five Mothers

Gayathri thulasi gangam kamadhenum Arundatheem,
Pancha mathu smaren nithyam maha pataka nasanam.
Daily remembering the five mothers great,
Gayathru, Thulasi, Ganga,
Kamadhenu and Arundathi,
Will destroy the greatest sins.

Pancha Devi Stuthi (Prayer to the five goddesses)

Uma, Usha cha Vaidehi Rema, Gangethi panchakam,
Prathareva smaren nithyam sowbhagyam vardhathe sada.
Daily early morn,
If one remembers the five devis,,
The goddess Uma,
The goddess of dawn Usha,
Lord Rama’s wife Vaidehi,
Lord Vishnu’s consort Rema,
And the holy river Ganga,
His good fortune will daily rise
No prayer is complete without offering prayers to one’s own teacher. So he prays to the teacher.

Shri Gurudev

Prayer to the Guru

Gurur brahma, gurur devo Maheswara,
Guru sakshad param brahma tasmai sri gurave nama

Gurur brahma, gurur devo Maheswara,
Guru sakshad param brahma tasmai sri gurave nama

Salutations to that Teacher.
Who himself is the ultimate truth,
Who is chief of all Gods.
And who verily is the truth himself.
Salutations to that Teacher.
Who himself is the ultimate truth,
Who is chief of all Gods.
And who verily is the truth himself.

Stothras for Ishta Devathas

The bakthi lore of Sanathana dharma extols its members to pray to his Ishta Devatha (Pet god). The devotee is given a wide choice to choose from. This is not fanaticism but a bevy of options depending on ones personality. I am giving below prayers addressed to several Gods of the Hindus. If one has time it would be great if all prayers are recited. If not read atleast the stotras to your Ishta Devatha:-

Shri Ganapathi

Elder son of Lord Shiva and Parvathy he is the remover of all obstacles .He has an elephant face and rides on a mouse.

Vakra Thunda Maha Kayam, Koti Soorys Sama prabham,
Nirvignam Kuru me Deva, sarva karyesshu sarvadha.

He who has an immense body,
He who has a broken tusk,
He who shines like billions of Suns,
Remove all hindrances,
From all my work and for all times

He is one of the Trimurthies (trinity) in charge of destruction. He lives on Mount Kailasa and wears an elephant’s skin as shawl and the crescent on his head. He is the abode of peace and rides on Nandi the bull,
Shivam shivakaram, shantham shivathmanam, Shivothamam,
Shivamarga pranetharam, pranamai sada shivam.
Salutations to the ever peaceful Lord Sada Shiva,
Who is the abode of peace,
Who makes peace,
Who is peaceful,
Who is the soul of peace,
Who is the acme of peace,
And who shows the path of Shiva.

Gayatri Devi Mantra
[Gayatri Mantras are very powerful meditation aids to pray for the grace of a particular God. Gayatri (गायत्री) is the feminine form of gāyatra, a Sanskrit word for a song or a hymn. It may refer to a mantra in particular (attributed to Vishwamitra – goddess as its personification – represents Parabrahman) or the name of a Vedic poetic meter of 24 syllables (three lines of eight syllables each) or any hymn composed in this meter.]
Gayatri Devi Mantra
ॐ भूर्भुवस्वः ।
तत् सवितुर्वरेण्यं ।
भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि ।
धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात् ॥

Om bhur bhuvah svah
Tat savitur vareniyam
Bhargo devasya dhimahi
Dhiyo yo nah prachodayat.

Om, Almighty Supreme Sun
Impel us with your divine brilliance
So that we may attain a noble understanding of Reality.


The name means he who is victorious over death. He is a form of Shiva and this prayer which occurs in Rudram is supposed to give us long life as well as helps us to get rid of fear over death.

Om Tryambakam yajamahe
Sugandhim pushtivardhanam
Urvarurkamiva bhandhanam
Mrityor mukshiya ma -mrtat.

We salute and respect,
Him who is naturally scented,
Him who looks after his devotees with mercy,
And him who has three eyes.
And pray and request,
To move us away from the catch of death,
Like the cucumber separated from its stalk,
And firmly put us in the path of salvation.

Sri Krishna Manasa Puja

[Authorship of this great stotra is ascribed to Adi Sankara, in the old stotra book published in Kerala in Malayalam script but this is not included in the list of complete works of Adi Sankara, and also the style of writing is very much different & beautiful]

Hrudhambhoje Krishna sakala jala shyamala thanu,
Sarojaksha, sragwee mukuta katakaady abharanavaan,
Saradh rakanadha prathima vadana Sri muralikaam,
Vahan dhyeyo gopi gana parivrutha kumkumachitha. 1

In my heart I think of that Krishna,
Who is black like a rich cloud,
Who has lotus like eyes,
Who wears crowns and garlands,
Who has a face like the autumn moon,
Who holds the flute in his hand,
And who is surrounded by crowd of gopis.

Payambhodher dweepan mama hrudhyamayahi Bhagawan,
Mani vrathabrajalkanaka vara peetam, bhaja hare,
Suchihnou they padou yadu kula jane nejmi sujalair,
Grahanedham dhoorva dala jaladarkhyam mura ripo. 2

Hey God, please come from the ocean of milk to my mind,
Oh Lord Vishnu, Sit on the seat studded with gems there,
Oh God from Yadhu clan, there I will wash your feet, which
Has been marked by diamonds and fishes, using the pure water,
Shed through a bunch of Durwa* grass, Oh killer of Mura.
* long grass which grows on the shores of rivers.

Thwam achamopendra tridasa saridhambhothi sisiram,
Bhajaswemam panchamrutha rachitha maplawamagahan,
Dhyunadhya kalindhya aapi kanaka kumbhasthithamidham,
Jalam thena snanam kuru kuru kurushwachamanakam. 3

Oh killer of sins, do achamanam* with the very cold water of holy Ganga,
Ok Krishna, be anointed with the mixture of five nectars,
Take bath in the water filled in golden pots from Ganga and Yamuna,
And again do achamanam with the same water.
* Internal purification.

Thadidwarne vasthre bhaya vibhaya kanthadhi haranam,
Pralambhari brathar mrudula mupaveetham kuru gale,
Lalalte paateeram mruga madha yutham dharaya hare,
Grahaanedham maalyam satha dala thulasyadhi rachitham. 4

Please wear the two cloths which shine like lightning,
Oh Brother of Balarama, wear the soft holy thread,
Which removes fear, as well as fear of death,
And wear on your forehead the mixture of sandal and musk,
And Oh Lord Vishnu, please receive this garland made of lotus and thulasi.

Dasangam dhoopam sadwaradhacharanograrpithaye,
Mukham deepenandu prabha varajasa deva kalaye,
Imou paanee vane parinutha sa karpoora rajasa,
Vishodhyagre daham salila midhamaachama nruhare. 5

I am offering at your feet the smoke coming from ten incenses,
I am showing the light of camphor kept in a small cup at your face,
And Oh God who is worshipped by Brahma, please accept this water,
Offered with my hands, rubbed with divine camphor and do achamanam.

Sadha thrupthannam shadrasava dakhila vyanjana yutham,
Suvarnamathre gho grutha chashaka yukthe sthithamidham,
Yasodha soono thathapara madhayayasyana sakhibhi,
Prasadam vanchadhbhi saha thadhanu neeram pibha vibho. 6

Oh son of Yashodha, please partake the food,
Which has all the six tastes along with side dishes
And also the ghee kept in a small golden cup,
Along with your friends, who are standing near you,
If you desire in blessing me then also
Drink the sweet scented water that I have kept.

Sachandram thamboolam mukha ruchikaram bakshaya hare,
Phalam swadhu preethyaparimala vadaswaadhaya chiram,
Saparya paryapthai kanaka mani thala sthithamidham,
Pradheepai raaraarthim jaladhi thanayaslishta rachaye. 7

Oh Krishna, please eat the betel leaf laced with camphor,
Please enjoy the tasty sweet scented fruits kept with devotion,
On the golden gem studded plate, till you feel it is sufficient,
And Oh darling of the daughter of the sea, I am worshipping,
You with the lights of shining camphor.

Vijaatheeyai pushpai rabhisurabhir vilwa thulasi,
Yuthaischemam pushpanjalimajitha they moordhni nidhadhe,
Thava pradhikshinya kramana makha vidwamsi rachitham,
Chathurvaram vishno janipadha gathi sranthi vidhusha. 8

Oh God who is never defeated, I am worshipping you by placing,
On your head, scented flowers of mixed origin along with Thulasi and Vilwa,
And Oh Hari, well knows the difficulties of the path of birth to death,
I am circling you four times, so that all my sins are destroyed.

Namaskaroshtanga sakala duritha dwamsana patu,
Krutham nruthyam sthuthirapi ramakantha tha imam,
Thave preethyai bhooya dehamapicha dasa sthava vibho,
Krutham chidhram poornam kuru kurunamasthesthu Bhagawan. 9

Oh Consort of Lakshmi, May the prostrations with eight limbs*,
Which is capable of destroying all sufferings and the dance,
And song of praise done by me, be liked by you,
Oh mighty god, I am your slave and so make complete,
The incomplete worship done by me and I salute you God.
* Saluting of God is done by prostrating before him.

Sada sevya Krishna sajala Ghana neela karathale,
Dhadhano dhadyannam thadanu navaneetham muralikaam,
Kadachith kanthaanaam kucha kalasa pathrali rachana,
Samasaktham snighdhou saha shishu viharam virachayan. 10

Be my master Oh Krishna, who is black like a rich cloud,
Who holds in his hand butter, curd rice and a flute,
Who sometimes is interested in drawing lines on the busts of Gopis,
And some other times is interested in playing with his baby friends.

Mani karnee chaya jatha midham Manasa poojanam,
Ya kurvee thoshasi pragna thasya krishna praseedhathi. 11

Lord Krishna would be happy with that scholar,
Who with interest in waters of Manikarnika in Kasi,
Does mental worship of Him as told above.

Translated by P. R. Ramachandern .

Published on March 30, 2010 at 2:51 am  Comments Off on Nitya Prarthana  
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